Salzburg is the capital of the same-named province in northwest Austria. It is one of Europe’s most beautiful cities, both architecture and setting. The romantic Old Town is a compact neighborhood of narrow medieval streets and arcaded courtyards worth exploring. The spacious squares of the residential area between the Neutron and Neugebäude districts are also noteworthy. This charming town stretches along both banks of the Salzach River as it emerges from the Salzburg Alps into lower land dominated by the 1,853-meter Untersberg. Salzburg is famous in music for being the birthplace of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. Book a Flight Lufthansa airlines and visit these 8 attractions there.
The picturesque Fortress Hohensalzburg towers
The picturesque Fortress Hohensalzburg towers over Salzburg. It is located on Mönchsberg’s southeastern summit. The castle is a pleasant 20-minute walk from the Old Town centre, or it can be reached via a funicular railway from Festungsgasse. The approach to the fortress takes visitors through a series of impressive arched defensive gateways beneath the 17th-century Fire Bastion to the Reisszug, a unique hoist dating from 1504 that was once used to haul supplies. Lufthansa Airlines Flight Booking also offers amazing deals on tickets.
Altstadt Salzburg (Old Town)
This bustling pedestrian zone is lined with old merchant houses dating from the 15th to the 18th centuries. The many wrought-iron shop and inn signs, the beautiful old courtyards, and the numerous galleries, boutiques, workshops, and cafés are highlights of a walking tour of this Old Town area. The Kranzlmarkt is located at the eastern end of Getreidegasse. The old Town Hall (Rathaus) is surrounded by more old medieval houses, which are five stories tall. Florian’s Fountain, with its octagonal basin and an even older spiral grille dating back to 1583.
The Franciscan Church
Until 1635, the Franciscan Church served as the town’s parish church. The high roof of the choir and the 1498 tower on the south side are notable exterior features. The dark 13th-century Romanesque nave contrasts with the tall, bright 15th-century Gothic choir as special interior features.
St. Peter’s Abbey
The current buildings were formed primarily from the 17th and 18th centuries. They remain an impressive testament to the order’s architectural skills, as evidenced by the building’s tall onion-shaped tower, one of Europe’s first of its kind.
St. Peter’s Churchyard (Friedhof St. Peter), an impressive burial ground surrounded on three sides by arcades and 17th-century family tombs, is a highlight. To the south, it backs onto the Mönchsberg’s sheer rock face, where you’ll find Early Christian catacombs and St. Maximus’ Chapel hewn from solid rock.
Salzburg Cathedral (Salzburger Dom) is well-known for its Italian-style architecture and for being the site of Mozart’s baptism. The three massive bronze doors with their symbols of Faith, Love, and Hope; the high altar with its Resurrection painted in 1628; and the superb frescoes in the vaulting are notable features. Peter and Paul are depicted in the inner ones. Visit the Cathedral Museum, which houses the Salzburg archdiocese’s liturgical objects and objets d’art. Also, check the cathedral’s website for information on upcoming concerts and events ahead of time.
The stunning Residenzbrunnen is the Residenzplatz’s focal point. This marble masterpiece was created in 1661 by an Italian sculptor and is the largest and finest Baroque fountain on this side of the Alps. It stands 15 meters tall, with magnificent figures of brave horses and the god Atlas carrying dishes, and it also impresses with its dolphins. It’s easy to lose track of time in the terraced cafés and boutique shops that line the adjoining streets.
Mirabell Palace in Salzburg. This outstanding example of Baroque landscape design was created in 1690, and it features numerous terraces, marble statues, and fountains. The spectacular Grand Staircase, built in the 18th century, features Georg Raphael Donner and his pupils’ statues. The Marble Hall and the Schloss Mirabell Baroque Museum are also noteworthy.
As evidenced by the city’s many historic theatres and concert halls, Salzburg has long been known for its music festivals. These structures, known collectively as the Festival Theaters, comprise the large Festspielhaus. The more minor Haus für Mozart, with a foyer with fine frescoes in between, and the Karl-Böhm Hall, used for exhibitions and receptions.